NOBEL PRIZE 2019 WINNER LIST: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT NOBEL

NOBEL PRIZE 2019 WINNER LIST: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT NOBEL







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WHAT IS NOBEL PRIZE ?:


The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. 
The will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. 
The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.
The prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.



KEYNOTES ABOUT NOBEL PRIZE: 



  • Awarded for Outstanding contributions for humanity in chemistry, literature, peace, physics, and physiology or medicine



  • Country: Sweden (all prizes except the Peace Prize), Norway (Peace Prize only)



  • Presented by: Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute (Physiology or Medicine) Norwegian Nobel Committee (Peace), Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Physics)Swedish Academy (Literature)



  • Reward: Prize money of 9 million SEK, approx. US$986,000 



  • First awarded:1901



  • Number of laureates:590 prizes to 935 laureates (as of 2018)


2019 NOBEL PRIZE WINNER LIST:

Field: Physics

Nobel Winners:James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz

Contribution: James Peebles: theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology And Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.



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Field: Chemistry

Nobel Winners: John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino

Contribution: Discovered the development of lithium-ion batteries.


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Field: Medicine

Nobel Winners : William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza

Contribution: Discovered how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.


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Field: Economic Sciences

Nobel Winners: Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer

Contribution: For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.



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Field: Peace

Nobel Winners :  Abiy Ahmed Ali

Contribution: For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.


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Field: Literature

Nobel Winners: Peter Handke

Contribution: Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience. 



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