Constitution of India:Features taken from other countries

Constitution of India: features  taken from other countries





The Constitution is a set of laws and rules that set sets up the machinery of the Government of a state, and which defines and determines the relations between the different institutions and components of the government, the executives, the legislature, the judiciary, the central and the local government.

List of Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution:
A)Britain:

1. Parliamentary government
 2. Rule of Law
 3. Legislative procedure
 4. Single citizenship
5. Cabinet system
6. Prerogative writs
7. Parliamentary privileges
 8. Bicameralism

B)Ireland:

 1. Directive Principles of State Policy

 2. Method of Election of the president

 3. Members nomination to the Rajya Sabha by the President

C)   Unites States of America:

1. Impeachment of the president

 2. Functions of president and vice-president

 3. Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges

 4. Fundamental Rights

 5. Judicial review

 6. Independence of judiciary

 7. Preamble of the constitution


D)  Canada:

1. Centrifugal form of federalism where the centre is  stronger than the states.

 2. Residuary powers vest with the centre

 3. Centre appoints the Governors at the states

 4. Advisory jurisdiction of the supreme court

E)  Australia:

1. Concept of Concurrent list

 2. Article 108 i.e. Joint sitting of the two houses

 3. Freedom of trade and commerce

F)Russia:

1. Fundamental duties

 2. The ideals of justice (social, economic and political),  expressed in the Preamble.

G) France:

1. Concept of  “Republic”

 2. Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)

H)Germany:

1. Fundamental Rights are suspended during Emergency

I) South Africa:

1. Election of members of the Rajya Sabha

 2. Amendment of the Constitution

J)Japan:

1. Concept of “procedure established by Law”

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